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Use Chopsticks
When you visit Japan I recommend you try Japanese food with your chopsticks.
How to use chopsticks
You hold the upper stick between your thumb
and first two fingers, while you keep the lower stick stationary with your
third finger or both your second and third fingers, and you hold the stick with
one third above the hand and two thirds below.
Chopsticks

Udon with chopsticks Udon

HASHI(Chopsticks)

In Japanese restaurants, you will usually be brought a pair of wooden half-split chopsticks in a paper envelope which can easily be split into two for use. In Japanese home, re-usable sticks of various materials are used.

When you have soup, take the pieces of food from it with chopsticks and drink the broth directly from the bowl. There will be no spoon. Especially, slurping is one of a taste for the noodles.

TATAMI(Straw mat)

Generally, We Japanese do not sit on chairs as you do in the West. We squat down on the floor so called tatami(straw mat) with our legs folded or kneeling. We take off our shoes at the entrance.

A SPOT TO EAT

Yatai (Street stall)

Serving roasted sweet potatoes, noodles, soup, stew or barbecued food. They open in the evening till late at night.

Robatayaki (Japanese country-style pub-restaurant)

They serve fish, meat and vegetables grilled over the inset Ro (hearth) in front of guests.

Restoran (Restaurant)

There are three categories as Japanese, international Western and Western-style influenced Japanese cuisine.

Ryouriya (Specializes in Japanese food only)

There are two styles of Ryouriya. The ozashiki(private room) restaurant where the meal is served in your own Japanese-style room and the counter restaurant where your dish will be prepared in front of you. Some Ryouriya will combine these two types.

Koryouriya

Small restaurant where serving traditional Japanese food.

Nomiya (Sake bar)

Sake bar specializing in the famed Japanese rice wine, also serves beer, appetizer and Japanese-style snacks.

Sunakku (Snack bar)

Snack bar with good choice of drinks, a few are open all night.

Baa (Bar)

Drinks and snacks served. Most bars have hostesses and you will have to pay for their drink too.

Biyagaadenn (Beer garden)

Beer and snacks served in rooftop gardens in summer.

Kissaten (Coffee shop)

Coffee, soft drinks and snacks are served. Most coffee shops have music.

WHAT TO EAT

Many eating places are named after their as sushi-ya, yakitori-ya, okonomiyaki-ya and so on. When choosing a restaurant you better first decide what you like eating. Here is a list and description of some typical Japanese dishes.

When you are not trying Japanese food you are able to turn to the familiar fast-food favorites that are found in most large cities.

Or go to one of the many excellent restaurants serving exclusively Western food, most nationalities can be found.

Shushi

Sushi

Slightly vinegard rice with raw fish and vegetables, served in deferent shapes and forms. In sushi bars, you either sit at a table with a plate of assoorted fish and seafood, or , which is more fun, up at the counter where you an choose the fish you fancy and watch the cook’s dexterity as he slices it up.

Various kinds of fresh seafood(shrimps,prawns, sillago,cuttlefish,etc) and vegetables(green papper,carrots,

aubergins, mushroom, eggplant )coated in a batter of egg and flour and quickly deep-fried in sesame or pure vegetable oil. These morsels are then dipped in a ten-tsuyu sauce of sweet rice wine, fish droth and soy sauce. Add grated Japanese rasish with pimiento powder or grated fresh ginger. Served with a bowl of rice and a small dish of pickled vegetables. In a tempura restaurant the chef will cook the meal right in front of you.

Tenpura

Tempura

Sashimi

Sasimi

Raw fish sliced into small bite-sized pieces of varying shapes, served with various condiments. Sashimi is usually served as part of a larger meal.

Thin slices of tender beef, leeks, bean curd cubes, thin noodles and burdock are cooked in an iron pan on the table in front of you. The ingredients are simmered in an aromatic mixture of soy sauce, mirin(sweet sake) and water, with a little sugar. You receive a small side bowl containing a whipped raw egg into which you dip the sukiyaki morsels for cooling just before eating. Using chopsticks, help yourself to whatever you like from the iron pan.

Sukiyaki

Shabushabu

Thinly-sliced beef cooked with vegetables in broth. It is often a do-it-yourself meal-the waitress will show you how to do it.

Thick,soup of chicken.shellfish,prawns,bean curd and vegetables. A cozy family meal. You sit around the nabe(pot) in the middle of the table and help yourselfe.

Yosenabe

Unagi

Eel, usually grilled so called KABAYAKI.

Pieces of chicken barbecued on small wooden skewers with onions and green peppers. Not really a full meal but they are very good snacks with sake or beer. In a yakitori-ya you will often also find dishes using different meat, fish or vegetables.

Yakitori

Udon/Soba

Noodle dishes are very popular, as they make a delicious and filling simple meal. It is all right to make slurping noises while eating them – the extra intake of oxgen is said to add to the taste.

Noodeles served with sprinkling of shredded pork,beef,chiken or egg with leeks and mushroomes in a bol of fish stock. Soba are buckwheat noodles, and udon, slightly thicker, are made of wheat flour. They may also be seved cold with a dip of soy sauce, freshly-chopped onions, ginger and minces horseradish.

Chinese noodles served in a chicken or pork broth.

Raamen

Oden

Fish stew, cuttle fish, hrad-boiled eggs, radish, kelp, seaweed, turnips, rice dump-lings and other ingredients are slowly simmered for long time in a broth. You often get this from the yatai street vendors.

Japanese-style panake which you prepare with spatula on a hot groddle with an egg batter and either shrimps or meat, and chopped vegetables. This cheap do-it-yourself meal is very popular with us.

Okonomiyaki